wood engraving as
opposed to a woodcut,
end grain box wood, 1.9
inches square
multi block for color prints
Abandoned Aerodrome: black line, 2 lino blocks,
3 colors, multi perspective
St Paul's shipwreck as an engraving on
Resingrave printed with oil based ink
St Paul's shipwreck, above is a
linocut white ink on black paper.
birch plywood woodcut
St Paul's shipwreck, a woodcut printed
with water based black ink, birch
plywood. Not inked very well.
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye. Cranfield’s
Caligo oil based inkwhich is dish washing soap then
water cleanup
WOODCUTS   (plank grain)                   
FREE to download
printed books again out of stock
next printing is December 2020
This used rolled ink for the yellow
(first) and black (last) blocks. The blue,
green, and orange used diluted ink
brushed onto the blocks.
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye
(c) sws 2017
white ink on black paper linocut
simulated black line
LINOCUTS,  WOOD CUTS, AND WOOD ENGRAVINGS
Phoenix, AZ  USA
Silver City, NM  USA
a reduction lino cut with 7
colors
INDEX

A
Archival quality        5, 61, 75, 83, 91, 116, 120, 126, 162, 179, 181, 220
Arkansas wet stone        219

B
Baren        5, 7, 9, 16, 19, 21, 61, 66, 73, 74, 103, 105, 173, 217, 219
Bass        35, 88, 90, 119
Bearer        16, 32, 41, 46, 65, 67, 69, 74, 153, 166, 168, 171, 205, 219
Bench hook        8, 87, 97, 105, 120, 219
Birch        81, 87, 88, 90, 91, 155, 175, 184, 185, 189, 202, 207, 208
Bird        4, 29, 35, 67, 85, 88, 97, 151, 152, 153, 156, 159, 165, 166,
168, 176, 181, 188, 210, 211, 213, 215, 218
Black line        3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 20, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 35, 42,
43, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 69, 73, 75, 78, 81, 83, 84, 87, 88, 89, 91,
92, 102, 103, 107, 114, 121, 123, 128, 140, 153, 166, 171, 186, 187, 189,
209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 216, 217, 218, 219
Bondo        20, 21, 24, 73, 74, 75, 89
Border        3, 4, 7, 15, 16, 22, 24, 27, 32, 35, 41, 44, 58, 62, 63, 65, 66,
73, 74, 85, 86, 89, 90, 97, 101, 142, 143, 144, 147, 152, 161, 162, 164,
166, 168, 170, 171, 185, 188, 199, 205, 215, 216, 219
Box        6, 57, 58, 87, 96, 98, 100, 137, 154, 183
Brayer        5, 6, 9, 10, 14, 16, 19, 20, 46, 62, 74, 104, 105, 120, 121, 122,
123, 129, 155, 173, 174, 206, 219
Busy        26, 29, 45, 63, 75, 131, 156, 159, 168

C
Caligo        6, 10, 47, 79, 116, 120, 121, 124, 125, 129, 168, 179, 181,
218, 219
Citrasolv        79, 85, 125
Cleaning        5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 47, 55, 57, 62, 66,
69, 70, 72, 74, 75, 79, 85, 87, 88, 90, 91, 96, 99, 100, 102, 105, 114, 116,
117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 125, 137, 148, 149, 151, 152, 155,
163, 168, 177, 181, 183, 203, 206, 219
Cloud        5, 18, 20, 23, 28, 36, 37, 38, 39, 56, 62, 88, 89, 90, 100, 156,
157, 159, 182, 194, 198, 200, 217
Color        5, 15, 26, 29, 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 54, 55, 56, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64,
65, 66, 67, 70, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 131, 138, 139, 140, 143,
144, 145, 146, 150, 151, 152, 153, 162, 164, 165, 166, 167, 169, 171,
172, 173, 174, 178, 188, 194, 195, 206, 212, 214, 215, 218, 219

D
Damage        8, 42, 55, 57, 66, 74, 75, 91, 102, 105, 110, 114, 117, 118,
123, 135, 137, 138, 139, 155, 160, 220
Damping        70, 75, 126, 163

E
Edition        3, 5, 22, 27, 46, 49, 51, 53, 66, 67, 70, 71, 76, 86, 91, 102,
122, 140, 141, 143, 152, 153, 162, 204, 206, 208, 219, 220
Extender        121, 122, 219

F
Frisket        219

G
Glycerin        9, 19, 49, 66, 69, 71, 75, 121, 124, 125, 142, 151, 193, 214,
215, 219
Gouge        6, 10, 14, 15, 16, 18, 36, 42, 48, 78, 80, 83, 86, 92, 95, 106,
107, 108, 109, 110, 114, 132, 134, 149, 158, 170, 175, 182
Grainy        21, 22, 40, 70, 71, 148
Grit        21, 30, 73, 74, 82, 89, 96, 97, 98, 100, 101, 111, 113, 136, 137,
150, 151, 155, 160

H
Heel        110, 219
Hook        95, 105, 134, 135, 219
Humidity        9, 14, 19, 37, 46, 49, 66, 67, 75, 91, 100, 102, 116, 119,
120, 124, 125, 148, 152, 153, 163, 168, 186, 189, 214, 217

K
Keel        91, 92, 110, 113, 132, 134, 135, 219
Kento        60, 143, 173
Key Block        11, 15, 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 55, 56, 59, 60, 67, 81, 129, 140,
146, 152, 153, 154, 157, 164, 165, 166, 171, 172, 174, 195, 218
Knife        6, 8, 9, 10, 15, 19, 44, 49, 69, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85,
86, 89, 91, 92, 95, 100, 103, 105, 106, 107, 114, 118, 125, 133, 154, 161,
173, 219

L
Letter        7, 42, 43, 61, 74, 142, 158, 185
Line of light        135, 219
Linseed        15, 79, 88, 117, 121, 124, 154, 155

M
Matting        47, 61, 67, 135, 137, 140, 144, 161, 162, 178, 219
MDF        7, 10, 15, 20, 74, 99, 100, 101, 102, 117, 118, 121, 123, 125,
183, 219
Monoprint        219, 220
Monotype        181, 219, 220

N
Negative Image        5, 15, 83, 114, 219

O
Offset        15, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55, 60, 67, 68, 75, 86, 96, 140, 144,
146, 150, 152, 153, 165, 167, 170, 176, 178, 188, 191, 205, 206, 218, 219
Oil        6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 19, 30, 44, 46, 47, 66, 67, 74, 75, 79, 85, 88,
91, 96, 101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 110, 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 123,
124, 125, 126, 144, 148, 153, 154, 155, 160, 163, 168, 171, 179, 181,
196, 203, 205, 206, 208, 217, 218, 219
Opaque/Transparent        121, 122, 124, 146, 168

P
Paper        3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 30, 32, 33, 36, 38,
41, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67,
69, 70, 73, 74, 75, 76, 83, 86, 91, 96, 101, 102, 105, 116, 117, 118, 120,
121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 129, 130, 139, 140, 141, 143, 144, 145, 146,
148, 150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 157, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167, 168, 169,
170, 171, 173, 179, 181, 182, 184, 191, 192, 193, 196, 199, 200, 201,
202, 204, 205, 206, 216, 217, 219, 220
Pine        80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 90, 91, 95, 154, 180
Ply        27, 87, 88, 89, 91, 114, 119, 175, 180, 189, 207, 208
Poplar        90
Positive Image        5, 83, 114, 219
Proof        5, 10, 82, 162, 220

R
Reduction        54, 60, 140, 142, 145, 146, 215
Register        15, 50, 53, 54, 60, 63, 64, 65, 66, 140, 143, 144, 145, 146,
164, 165, 170, 172, 214, 219
Re-inking        22, 56, 59, 64, 68, 70, 75, 150, 153, 163, 193, 195
Resingrave        57, 94, 99, 100, 101, 102, 117, 121, 123, 128, 183, 203,
219
Retarder        5, 9, 19, 49, 66, 67, 69, 71, 75, 91, 102, 120, 121, 122, 124,
125, 142, 150, 151, 152, 168, 180, 186, 188, 189, 219
Roller        5, 6, 9, 10, 15, 16, 19, 20, 32, 41, 46, 47, 61, 65, 67, 68, 69,
71, 74, 75, 85, 91, 96, 105, 123, 148, 149, 150, 151, 153, 155, 166, 168,
171, 174, 181, 206, 218
Rust        110

S
Safety        2, 8, 16, 73, 74, 97, 104, 108, 114, 118, 176, 177
Sand        2, 21, 30, 33, 39, 73, 74, 95, 102, 155
Scorper        99, 100, 101, 106
Scratch        73, 74, 75, 110, 117, 189
Shellac        10, 20, 51, 54, 55, 61, 66, 74, 99, 101, 102, 117, 121, 123,
125, 152, 219
Silhouette        3, 5, 11, 12, 14, 31, 32, 75, 78, 91, 102, 118, 184
Sizing        5, 70, 126, 219
Slip        12, 43, 75, 76, 108, 111, 114, 135, 137, 219
Spatula        6, 9, 19, 49, 56, 69, 75, 103, 105, 120, 125, 142, 173, 193,
219
Spitsticker        95, 97, 98, 100, 101, 102, 106, 219
Splinters        79, 80, 81, 82, 87, 89, 91, 98, 106, 107, 110, 114, 119, 132,
133, 154
Stencil        32, 51, 54, 55, 56, 66, 142, 153, 195, 212, 214, 215
Stone        99, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113, 114, 135, 136, 137, 160, 219
Strop        5, 12, 75, 76, 79, 108, 109, 111, 135, 136, 137, 154, 160, 219

T
Texture        3, 4, 5, 11, 21, 22, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 37, 39, 40, 47, 50,
51, 53, 54, 59, 62, 63, 70, 90, 98, 107, 126, 147, 153, 158, 159, 165, 166,
167, 168, 171, 175, 203, 206, 214, 219
Tint tool        95, 97, 100, 101, 102, 106, 183, 219
Tools wood/linocut        6, 14, 48, 78, 79, 87, 90, 103, 107, 108, 111, 119,
129, 185, 202
Transparent/Opaque        67, 118, 121, 124, 146, 147, 153
Tree        17, 18, 20, 23, 47, 55, 59, 72, 85, 88, 101, 119, 155, 156, 157,
158, 180, 185, 188, 194, 195, 198, 199, 201, 206

V
Viscosity        5, 9, 49, 69, 70, 75, 121, 122, 148, 149, 219

W
Water        4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 19, 20, 27, 29, 30, 37, 44, 46, 49, 55, 56, 59,
64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 79, 85, 87, 90, 91, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100,
101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124,
125, 126, 136, 137, 139, 144, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 160, 163,
168, 172, 173, 177, 178, 179, 180, 183, 186, 187, 188, 189, 193, 194,
196, 197, 198, 200, 201, 202, 203, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 212, 213,
214, 215, 216, 217, 219
Whet Stone        5, 91, 99, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 135, 136,
137, 219
White line        3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 20, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 35, 41,
42, 43, 54, 58, 62, 64, 65, 69, 71, 72, 73, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 87, 88,
89, 90, 91, 95, 102, 103, 114, 120, 121, 133, 157, 172, 185, 187, 188,
193, 194, 198, 199, 219
Wire edge        99, 112, 135, 137, 219

X
X-Acto        44, 78, 82, 85, 107, 108
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCING THE PROCESS, AND A PROJECT
FAMOUS ARTISTS

2. LINO CUTS
A COUPLE MORE PROJECTS
DESIGN THOUGHTS
LINES: TEXTURED OR SOLID LINES
BACKGROUND TEXTURING
SILHOUETTES
DRAWING, AND CLOUDS, SUN, AND MOON
BORDERS
LETTERS
A MISTAKE OR A FUN IMAGE (HALOS)
DESIGNS CAN BE TOO BUSY
OFFSETS
MULTI COLOR PRINTS: BLOCKS AND STENCILS
FROM A PHOTO TO A BLOCK TO A PRINTED IMAGE
JAPANESE METHODS (PRINTING, REGISTERING)
LINES: WHITE LINES, BLACK LINES
SIMULATED VS REAL BLACK LINES
ISSUES WITH SMALL BLOCKS AND REGISTERING
PROBLEM SOLVING

3. WOOD CUTS
SOME INITIAL POINTS, AND THE KNIFE AS A TOOL
MAKING WHITE LINE BECOME BLACK LINE
BIRCH PLYWOOD WITH V TOOLS, ETC
BASS AND POPLAR PLANK WOOD WITH V TOOLS
PROBLEM SOLVING

4. WOOD ENGRAVING ~ BOXWOOD, PLEXIGLASS, RESINGRAVE

5. TOOLS
PRINTING AIDS
LINO AND WOOD CUT TOOLS AND KNIVES
WOOD ENGRAVING TOOLS
SHARPENING AIDS, CARE AND FEEDING OF TOOLS
MORE ON THE “V” TOOL
PROPERLY USING STONES AND STROPS
ENGRAVING TOOLS
SAFETY AND NOTES

6. MATERIALS
LINOLEUM (LINO) AND WOOD, AND CLEANUP
INK, WATER AND OIL BASED ETC, AND CLEANUP
PAPER

7. RESOURCES

8.
ONE MORE THING

9. GALLERY

GLOSSARY, ERRATA, AND INDEX
My book on lino cuts, wood cuts (bass, poplar, birch, and pine),
and wood engravings (box, Plexiglass, Resingrave) for block
prints, discusses how to do certain things and how to fix many
screwups, plus many unique hints. Many examples are shown
in this third edition of the book, which is extremely well
illustrated.
 Ideal for left brain people like me.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR FEEDBACK
illustratingshadows@yahoo.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linocut
The third edition is currently FREE in PDF format   here

214  pages        ISBN:  978-0-9960026-6-0
Library of Congress Control Number:  2016900009
November  2020
NATURE VANISHING  
HGS (Mr Selfridge) birthplace, linocut,
masks and stencils for color, based on my
grandmother Rosalie Selfridge's (later
Wiasemsky) needlepoint she gave me.
All pictures (C) Simon W-S 2014-2020  however permission granted for limited use
SOME FUN PRINTS
How sea dragons are born
A two block, ocean
stippled on one block,
isometric perspective.
WOOD ENGRAVINGS (end grain)  and also Resingrave, and Plexiglass
LINOCUTS                          
Birth Of A Dragonfly.
ONE MORE THING contents

MORE ABOUT SPECIFIC TOPICS…  

•        THE “V” TOOL , EDGES, KEELS, FORCES, PROBLEMS
•        THE TOOL THAT GOT TOO HOT; HARDENING AND TEMPERING
•        CORRELATING GRIT AND MICRONS

•        REDUCTION BLOCK PRINTING: WINDY FLOWERS

•        REGISTERING SYSTEMS
•        . . . A SIMPLE GENERAL REGISTERING SYSTEM
•        . . . THE SYSTEM FOR 4-QUADRANT BLOCK PRINTING
•        . . . PIN AND TAB
•        . . . A VARIATION ON PIN AND TAB USED IN CHINA
•        . . . PIN AND TAB IN ACTUAL USE
•        . . . REGISTRATION ISSUES
•        . . . FOUR QUADRANT PRINT OVERLAPS

•        PRINT QUALITY: MAKING NECTAR TROVE  

•        WOOD SURFACE PREPARATION
•        . . .  BEFORE CUTTING - DECIDE FOR YOURSELF
•        . . .  AFTER CUTTING - A POTENTIAL MISTAKE

•        BUSY DESIGNS

•        PRESENTATION: MATTING, EDITIONS, SERIES

•        DAMPING ABSORBENT OR THICKER PAPERS

MORE ABOUT SOME PROJECTS …

•        HUMMINGBIRDS ARRIVE (MERRY series)
•        AUTUMN/FALL, SPRING (ELEMENTS SERIES)
•        QUIET POND, A FOUR COLOR PROJECT

FUN STUFF…
PRINTS DISCUSSED IN THIS BOOK

A COWS HEAD        100
A DOG’S WELCOME        187
A GENTLE SUMMER        213
A LAZY SUMMER        211, 213
ABANDONED AERODROME        30, 206
AIR        62, 64, 209, 213
AIRBORNE FLOWERS        30, 66, 217
AN OCEAN'S CORNER        30, 203
AUTUMN        131, 169, 170, 212

BABY BEAKS        183, 208
BEAKY AND MIKO        181
BEAKY BUZZES MIKO        155, 183, 207
BEES AND HONEY        192, 193
BIRD ON A POND        188
BIRTH OF A DRAGONFLY        29, 31, 44, 196
BOUNTY        188
BREAKFAST FLOWERS        52, 54, 214
BURRO AND A SNOWMAN        177, 189
BUTTERCUPS AND CHEESE        185

CATERPILLAR ON VINE        188
CLOUDS AND WAVES        39, 100, 182

DESERT ROSE        180, 207
DOG IN THE DESERT        97, 183

EARTH        63, 64, 209
ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGET        190, 191
ELEPHANTS RESTING        190

FALL DESERT ROSE        180
FIRE        64, 210
FLIGHT        62, 63, 64, 209, 213
FLORAL SNOWFLAKES        66, 216
FLUTTERBY SKY        30, 40, 48, 51, 56, 214

HGS BIRTH PLACE        206
HOLY CROSS MISSION        47, 205, 206
HUMMINGBIRDS        31, 74, 131, 148, 164, 167, 217

IRIS BUNNY        58, 186

LOOKING FOR TREASURE        184
LOVE THE OCEAN        182

MILKING TIME        28, 88, 185, 207
MILKING TIME AGAIN        185

NATURE ASCENDING        16, 22, 44, 55, 56, 59, 70, 72, 194, 195
NATURE VANISHING        186
NECTAR TROVE        67, 74, 131, 147, 148, 153, 164, 168, 181, 217, 218
NEW MEXICO SPRING        66, 216, 217

PARROT IN THE AMAZON        97, 98, 183
PLYING THE COFFEE TRADE        200

QUIET POND        131, 172, 215

REUNION        39, 101, 184
ROSALIE        96, 183
RUDOLPH AND THE IRIS        189

SAILING THE OCEANS        200
SAN ISIDRO MISSION        205
SILVER WOLF        161, 180
SMALL COASTAL SHIP        182
SOMETHING FISHY HERE        182
SPRING        72, 131, 159, 169, 171, 204, 211
SPRING IN SOMERSET CHURCH        72, 159, 204
ST BEUNO CHURCH        72, 159, 204
ST PAUL’S ARRIVAL        101, 203
ST PAUL’S MISADVENTURE        101, 175, 201, 202
ST PAUL’S SHIPWRECK        101, 175, 202
ST VINCENT DE PAUL        205
SUMMER        211, 213

THE POND AT WAYFORD WOODS        156, 197
THE YOUNG LADY        58, 186

WATER        14, 64, 99, 116, 123, 124, 210
WINDY FLOWERS        56, 131, 140, 142, 145, 215
WINTER        65, 189, 212
Four south west New Mexico churches, as separate 4 by 6 inch block prints
black oil based ink on archival white paper