a wood engraving as
opposed to a woodcut,
end grain box wood,
0.9 inches square
The 170 page third edition in PDF format is here
170 pages
ISBN:  978-0-9960026-6-0
Library of Congress Control Number:  2016900009
November, 2018
multi block for color prints
rotated lino block one of a series, true black
line
white ink on black paper linocut
simulated black line
My FREE book on lino cuts, wood cuts (bass and poplar, birch, pine),
and wood engravings (box and Plexiglass too) for block prints, discusses
how to do certain things and how to fix many screwups, plus many unique
hints. Many examples are shown in this second edition of the book, which
is extremely well illustrated. Black line and white line as well as simulated
black line are discussed. The woodcut chapter is quite innovative.
TABLE OF CONTENTS


1.        INTRODUCTION
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
INTRODUCING THE PROCESS
A FIRST SIMPLE USEFUL LINO PROJECT
FAMOUS ARTISTS

2.        LINO CUTS
AN OVERVIEW
A SECOND AND THIRD COMPLETE LINO PROJECT
DESIGN THOUGHTS
LINES: WHITE LINES, BLACK LINES
LINES: TEXTURED OR SOLID LINES
BACKGROUND TEXTURING
SILHOUETTES
DRAWING
DRAWING: CLOUDS, SUN, AND MOON
BORDERS
LETTERS
A MISTAKE OR A FUN IMAGE (HALOS)
DESIGNS CAN BE TOO BUSY
OFFSETS  
MULTI COLOR PRINTS, BLOCKS AND STENCILS
JAPANESE METHODS (PRINTING, REGISTERING)
PROBLEM SOLVING

3.        WOOD CUTS        
PINE AND THE KNIFE AS A PRIMARY TOOL
BIRCH PLYWOOD WITH GOUGES
BASS AND POPLAR PLANK WOOD WITH GOUGES
PROBLEM SOLVING

4.        WOOD ENGRAVING
BOXWOOD AND PLEXIGLASS

5.        TOOLS  
LINO AND WOOD CUT TOOLS
WOOD CUT KNIVES
WOOD ENGRAVING TOOLS
SHARPENING TOOLS
OTHER TOOLS  
MORE ON THE “V” TOOL
MORE ON SHARPENING
SAFETY AND NOTES

6.        MATERIALS
LINOLEUM (LINO) AND WOOD
INK
PAPER

7.        APPENDICES

8.        GALLERY
INDEX

A
Altitude        35, 79, 98, 117
Archival quality        5, 79, 88, 98, 117, 120, 126, 144, 146, 157, 162, 164
Arkansas wet stone        106, 107, 110

B
Baren        5, 6, 8, 15, 18, 20, 60, 67, 69, 75, 77, 79, 108
Bass        33, 94, 97, 116
Bench hook        8, 60, 93, 107, 117
Bewick        10
Birch        84, 93, 94, 95, 97, 98, 127, 134, 135, 144, 145, 160, 163, 164, 165, 166
Bird        4, 25, 33, 44, 47, 90, 94, 129, 134, 136, 138, 143, 168, 169, 171
Black line        3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 40, 51, 67, 68,
72, 76, 84, 86, 88, 89, 93, 94, 96, 98, 105, 112, 118, 123, 135, 142, 146, 167, 168,
169, 170, 171
Blake        11
Blemish        43, 73
Bondo        19, 20, 22, 75, 76, 77, 79, 96
Border        3, 4, 7, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 30, 33, 39, 43, 50, 60, 61, 65,
76, 77, 79, 86, 90, 91, 96, 97, 126, 136, 144, 145, 146, 148, 156
Box        6, 85, 93, 101, 134, 141
Brayer        5, 6, 8, 15, 18, 67, 95, 107, 117
Busy        26, 44, 47, 48, 79

C
Cleaning        5, 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 23, 25, 62, 70, 72, 73, 78, 79, 82, 90, 92, 93, 94,
95, 97, 98, 101, 107, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 127, 130, 163
Cloud        5, 17, 19, 21, 24, 25, 34, 35, 36, 37, 44, 45, 47, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67,
94, 96, 97, 128, 140, 147, 154, 155, 159
Color        5, 14, 25, 26, 27, 28, 49, 50, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65,
66, 68, 69, 73, 91, 118, 119, 120, 122, 126, 131, 134, 135, 137, 138, 142, 147, 154,
167

D
Damage        13, 77, 82, 83, 95, 107, 109, 111, 112, 114, 117
Dog        4, 30, 33, 34, 45, 90, 100, 134, 138, 141, 143, 144, 165
Durer        10

E
Edition        3, 5, 9, 20, 23, 49, 73, 74, 98, 134, 139, 141, 146
Extender        63, 118

G
Gouge        6, 9, 13, 14, 15, 17, 34, 40, 42, 46, 50, 53, 60, 78, 81, 83, 85, 86, 88, 91,
92, 100, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 112, 124, 125, 127, 140, 146, 163
Grit        20, 75, 76, 77, 87, 95, 96, 101, 111

H
Humidity        35, 79, 98, 117

K
Kento        68
Key Block        10, 12, 14, 49, 52, 54, 56, 59, 61, 62, 63, 66, 67, 68, 84, 85
Kipling        12
Knife        7, 9, 14, 43, 50, 61, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 92, 96, 98, 100,
104, 105, 112, 124, 125, 143, 146, 163

L
Letter        7, 40, 41, 42, 46, 78, 145
Linseed        14, 82, 85, 86, 94, 95, 114, 118

M
Matting        126

N
Negative Image        5, 14, 64, 88, 112, 117

O
Offset        14, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 57, 59, 68, 71, 91, 100, 129, 131, 134, 141,
142, 146, 150
Oil        6, 9, 14, 43, 62, 82, 85, 86, 89, 90, 92, 94, 95, 98, 101, 109, 111, 112, 114,
116, 117, 118, 120, 133, 143
Opaque/Transparent        59, 61, 62, 63, 118, 119

P
Paper        3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 39,
43, 45, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 72, 73, 75, 77,
79, 86, 88, 91, 93, 95, 97, 98, 100, 101, 108, 113, 114, 117, 118, 119, 120, 122,
124, 125, 126, 127, 133, 139, 140, 141, 144, 146, 147, 148, 150, 151, 152, 156,
157, 159, 160, 161, 162, 164
Picasso        9, 11
Pine        82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 93, 97, 98, 100, 134, 136, 143, 144, 146
Ply        23, 93, 96, 98, 112, 116, 127, 135, 143, 165, 166
Poplar        97
Positive Image        5, 64, 88, 112, 117, 143
Printing Press        6, 8, 18, 75, 77, 85, 95, 108, 112, 144, 164
Proof        5, 9, 18, 87, 126

R
Register        14, 26, 27, 28, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 67, 68
Re-inking        51, 62, 71, 73, 79, 119
Retarder        72, 74, 79, 92, 98, 117, 118, 142
Roller        5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 15, 18, 19, 28, 39, 49, 50, 51, 60, 62, 71, 72, 73, 74, 79,
90, 91, 95, 100, 107, 108, 117, 141, 146
Rose        49, 86, 87, 89, 91, 101, 134, 135, 141, 143, 144, 146, 164, 166
Rust        109

S
Safety        7, 15, 75, 77, 103, 106, 112, 122, 128, 130
Sand        2, 20, 29, 31, 75, 77, 95, 100
Scratch        75, 77, 79, 114
Ship        37, 40, 75, 76, 82, 83, 105, 127, 134, 135, 140, 157, 158, 159, 161
Silhouette        3, 11, 29, 30, 115, 134, 141
Speedball        6, 13, 14, 15, 17, 30, 40, 42, 49, 50, 53, 60, 82, 104, 105, 108, 109,
112, 114, 115, 116, 129, 134, 141, 161
Spitsticker        100, 104
Splinters        82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 93, 96, 98, 101, 104, 105, 109, 112, 116
Stencil        3, 30, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67, 147
Stone        2, 31, 46, 98, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 124
Strop        5, 79, 82, 85, 86, 92, 106, 107, 110, 111, 112, 124
Sun        4, 7, 9, 10, 21, 24, 35, 37, 38, 44, 47, 69, 70, 91, 92, 122, 129, 138, 168,
169, 170, 171

T
Test        4, 5, 9, 13, 14, 18, 34, 42, 54, 73, 77, 85, 89, 97, 104, 107, 110, 114, 118,
119, 122, 142
Texture        3, 4, 5, 11, 20, 23, 24, 25, 29, 35, 38, 46, 47, 65, 66, 73, 74, 86, 92, 97,
101, 105, 120, 126, 127, 133
Tint tool        100, 104
Tools wood/linocut        13, 42, 53, 81, 82, 92, 93, 97, 105, 106, 109, 110, 112,
116, 123, 145, 160, 163
Transparent/Opaque        115, 118
Tree        16, 17, 19, 21, 44, 45, 46, 59, 63, 64, 66, 70, 90, 94, 98, 116, 122, 143,
145, 147, 148, 154, 155, 156, 161, 165

W
Water        4, 6, 9, 18, 23, 25, 27, 28, 29, 35, 43, 49, 50, 54, 55, 58, 62, 66, 67, 72,
73, 74, 78, 79, 82, 86, 89, 90, 92, 93, 95, 97, 98, 99, 101, 106, 111, 114, 115, 116,
117, 118, 120, 122, 130, 131, 133, 135, 138, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147,
151, 157, 159, 160, 162, 163, 164, 165, 168
White line        3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 14, 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 39, 40, 51, 53,
58, 70, 72, 74, 76, 82, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89, 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 112, 117, 118, 133,
136, 145, 147, 148, 154, 155, 156, 165, 166

X
X-Acto        43, 61, 81, 86, 87, 90, 92, 105, 112, 146
A few examples of various block prints. A
key feature of this book is the many
mistakes and solutions that can happen.
St Paul's shipwreck, above is linocut
white ink on black, below is woodcut.
INDEX OF SOME GALLERY PICTURES

LINO CUTS

LINO CUTS

A 2014 SEASONAL CARD, BIRD ON A POND ~ A linocut for a card
A 2015 SEASONAL CARD, CATERPILLAR ON VINE, (HORIZONTAL BG) ~ 4 x 5 inch
A 2015 SEASONAL CARD, CATERPILLAR ON VINE, (SLOPEDBG) ~ 4 x 5 inch
A 2016 SEASONAL CARD, BOUNTY (A seasonal greeting card) ~ A 4 by 6 inch lino cut.
BEAKY AND MIKO ~ A lino cut.
BREAKFAST FLOWERS ~ a three color linocut 5 by 7 inches, intentionally mottled.
BURRO AND A SNOWMAN ~ A 2017 SEASONAL CARD
ELEPHANTS RESTING ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of elephants.
FALL DESERT ROSE ~ A 2018 SEASONAL CARD
FLUTTERBYS ~ A three color block linocut, 4 by 6 inches. Intentionally mottled.
KUMIKO’S SHADOW ~ double silhouette on Speedball Speedy-Cut
LOOKING FOR TREASURE
LOVE THE OCEAN   ~ small lino sampler                              
QUIET POND ~ a four color linocut with two colors printed on one block  4 by 6 inches
SMALL COASTAL SHIP ~ A 4 by 5 inch lino block.
SOMETHING FISHY HERE    ~ small lino sampler
SPRING IN SOMERSET CHURCH, ST BEUNO ~ 8x10 inch,  Edition 2 has “II” on a
gravestone, white on black
ST BEUNO CHURCH, SOMERSET  ~ 8x10 inch, Edition 3 has an “III” on a gravestone, black
on white
SUNDIAL LINO CUT ~ A linocut


WOOD CUTS

A KNOTTY ROSE ~ This was birch plywood, 4 x 4.5 inches
A PARROT ~ This is a 4 by 6 inch wood cut, on pine plank.
A ROSE AND CATERPILLAR ~ pine woodcut, 3.5 inches
A ROSE AND CATERPILLAR OFFSET ~ an offset of the “ROSE AND CATERPILLAR”
A WILD ROSE ~ This is a 4 by 6 inch wood cut, on pine plank.
BUTTERCUPS AND CHEESE ~ A 3 1/2 by 4 1/2 inch birch plank
MIKO’S DILEMMA ~ left over 6 inch wide pine plank, untreated
MILKING TIME AGAIN ~ This was birch plywood, 4 x 4.5 inches
SUNDIAL WOOD CUT ~ A woodcut on pine plank
THE DOG AND BIRD ~ A 3.5 by 5 inch woodcut on pine


WOOD ENGRAVINGS

FIDO ~ A box wood engraving. The dog engraving was 0.9 inches wide.
ROSALIE ~  A box wood engraving. The width of the rose flower was 0.9 inches.


INDEX OF EXHIBIT GALLERY PICTURES

LINO CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(NATURE)
              NATURE ASCENDING ~ An 8 by 10 inch, b&w, and color also
              NATURE’S CYCLE ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of life and season cycles.
              NATURE’S APPLES ~ A 9 by 12 inch lino cut. b&w, and w&b also

(MEDLEY)  
              BIRTH OF A DRAGONFLY ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut
              THE POND AT WAYFORD WOODS ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut

(WHIMSY)
              ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGET ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of elephants.
              BEES AND HONEY ~ An 8 by 10 inch picture of bees borrowing honey

(SAILING)
             PLYING THE COFFEE TRADE ~ 8 x10 inch sailing ship, b&w, w&b
              SHACKLETON’S FAMED ENDURANCE  ~ 8x10 inch sailing ship
              SAILING THE OCEANS    ~   An 8 by 10 inch sailing ship

(ELEMENTS)        The ancient elements
              EARTH ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w and color, black line
              AIR ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w and color, black line  
              FIRE ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w, black line  
              WATER ~ a 7 by 7 inch, b&w, black line  

              The elements of the calendar year

              SPRING ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Spring activities
              SUMMER ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Summer joys
              AUTUMN ~7x7 inch, b&w, black line, Autumn as leaves fall,
                      also called FALL


              FLIGHT ~ the first version of “AIR”
              LAZY SUMMER, or GENTLE SUMMER ~  first version of “SUMMER”

WOOD CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(MEMORIES)
              ANY BACON? ~ Miko: birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.5 inch  
              BEAKY WANTS A TREAT ~ Beaky: birch ply woodcut, 4 x 4.5 inch
              FLAMING ROSE ~ birch ply wood cut; this was 4 x 4.5 inch
              MILKING TIME ~ birch ply wood cut; this was 4 x 4.5 inch

              BEAKY BUZZES MIKO ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch
              BABY BEAKS ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch
              DESERT ROSE ~ Birch ply woodcut. 4 x 4.2 inch

WOOD AND LINO CUTS IN A SPECIFIC SERIES

(HISTORICAL)
              ST PAUL’S MISADVENTURE ~ An 8 by 10 inch linocut
              ST PAUL’S SHIPWRECK ~ An 8 by 10 inch birch ply woodcut
FEEDBACK VERY WELCOME AT:-
illustratingshadows@yahoo.com
PLEASE !    THANKYOU
birch plywood woodcut
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2017
case study:  "Autumn" a quarter block rotated 4 times
case study:  "
Looking For Treasure" based on grand kids ideas
case study:  "
Quiet Pond" picture revisited.
(c) sws 2017
This used rolled ink for the yellow
(first) and black (last) blocks. The
blue, green, and orange used diluted
ink brushed onto the blocks.
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2018