wood engraving as
opposed to a woodcut,
end grain box wood, 1.9
inches square
multi block for color prints
Abandoned Aerodrome: black line, 2 lino blocks,
3 colors, multi perspective
St Paul's shipwreck as an engraving on
Resingrave printed with oil based ink
St Paul's shipwreck, above is a
linocut white ink on black paper.
birch plywood woodcut
St Paul's shipwreck, a woodcut printed
with oil based black ink, birch
plywood.
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye. Cranfield’s
Caligo oil based inkwhich is dish washing soap then
water cleanup
WOODCUTS   (plank grain)                   
THIS BOOK IS FREE to download
printed books are available if you email
the author
This used rolled ink for the yellow
(first) and black (last) blocks. The blue,
green, and orange used diluted ink
brushed onto the blocks.
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye
(c) sws 2017
white ink on black paper linocut
simulated black line
LINOCUTS,  WOOD CUTS, AND WOOD ENGRAVINGS
Silver City, NM  USA
Phoenix, AZ  USA
a reduction lino cut with 7
colors
INDEX

A
Archival quality        5, 61, 75, 83, 91, 116, 120, 126, 161, 175, 177, 214
Arkansas wet stone        213

B
Baren        5, 7, 9, 16, 19, 21, 61, 66, 73, 74, 103, 105, 170, 171, 210, 213
Bass        35, 88, 90, 119
Bearer        16, 32, 41, 46, 65, 67, 69, 74, 165, 166, 168, 169, 197, 213
Bench hook        8, 87, 97, 105, 120, 213
Birch        81, 87, 88, 90, 91, 155, 172, 180, 181, 185, 194, 200, 201
Bird        4, 29, 35, 67, 85, 88, 97, 152, 153, 156, 164, 165, 166, 177,
184, 203, 204, 206, 208, 211
Black line        3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 20, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 35, 42,
43, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 69, 73, 75, 78, 81, 83, 84, 87, 88, 89, 91,
92, 102, 103, 107, 114, 121, 123, 128, 142, 165, 169, 182, 183, 185, 199,
202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 209, 210, 211, 213
Bondo        20, 21, 24, 73, 74, 75, 89
Border        3, 4, 7, 15, 16, 22, 24, 27, 32, 35, 41, 44, 58, 62, 63, 65, 66,
73, 74, 85, 86, 89, 90, 97, 101, 144, 145, 146, 149, 153, 160, 161, 163,
164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 181, 184, 191, 197, 208, 209, 213
Box        6, 57, 58, 87, 96, 98, 100, 136, 154, 179
Brayer        5, 6, 9, 10, 14, 16, 19, 20, 46, 62, 74, 104, 105, 120, 121, 122,
123, 129, 150, 151, 155, 168, 170, 171, 198, 213
Busy        2, 26, 29, 45, 63, 75, 131, 156, 159

C
Caligo        6, 10, 47, 79, 116, 120, 121, 124, 125, 129, 166, 175, 177,
198, 199, 211, 213
Citrasolv        79, 85, 125
Cleaning        5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 47, 55, 57, 62, 66, 69,
70, 72, 74, 75, 79, 85, 87, 88, 90, 91, 96, 99, 100, 102, 105, 114, 116,
117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 125, 136, 150, 151, 152, 155, 162,
166, 173, 177, 179, 195, 198, 213
Cloud        5, 18, 20, 23, 28, 36, 37, 38, 39, 56, 62, 88, 89, 90, 100, 156,
157, 159, 178, 188, 190, 192, 210
Color        5, 15, 26, 29, 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 54, 55, 56, 59, 60, 63, 64, 65,
66, 67, 70, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 131, 139, 140, 142, 145, 146,
147, 148, 151, 152, 153, 161, 163, 164, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171,
174, 188, 199, 205, 207, 208, 211, 213

D
Damage        8, 42, 55, 57, 66, 74, 102, 105, 110, 111, 112, 114, 117,
118, 123, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 155, 214
Damping        70, 75, 126, 162

E
Edition        3, 5, 22, 46, 49, 51, 53, 66, 67, 70, 71, 76, 86, 91, 102, 122,
142, 143, 145, 153, 161, 196, 201, 213, 214
Extender        121, 122, 213

F
Frisket        213

G
Glycerin        9, 19, 49, 66, 69, 71, 75, 121, 124, 125, 144, 152, 187, 207,
208, 213
Gouge        6, 10, 14, 15, 16, 18, 36, 42, 48, 78, 80, 83, 86, 92, 95, 106,
107, 108, 109, 110, 114, 132, 134, 137, 138, 151, 158, 168, 172, 178
Grainy        21, 22, 40, 70, 71, 150
Grit        21, 30, 73, 74, 89, 96, 97, 98, 100, 101, 111, 113, 135, 136, 138,
141, 151, 152, 155

H
Heel        110, 213
Hook        95, 105, 134, 137, 213
Humidity        9, 14, 19, 37, 46, 49, 66, 67, 75, 91, 100, 102, 116, 119,
120, 124, 125, 150, 152, 153, 162, 166, 182, 185, 207, 210

K
Keel        91, 92, 110, 132, 134, 137, 138, 213
Kento        60, 145, 171
Key Block        11, 15, 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 55, 56, 59, 60, 67, 81, 129, 142,
148, 152, 153, 154, 157, 163, 164, 168, 169, 170, 171, 188, 211
Knife        6, 8, 9, 10, 15, 19, 44, 49, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86,
89, 91, 92, 95, 100, 103, 105, 106, 107, 114, 118, 125, 133, 154, 160,
170, 213

L
Letter        7, 42, 43, 61, 74, 144, 158, 181
Line of light        137, 138, 213
Linseed        15, 79, 88, 117, 121, 124, 154, 155

M
Matting        47, 61, 67, 136, 137, 138, 142, 146, 160, 161, 174, 213
MDF        7, 10, 15, 20, 74, 99, 100, 101, 102, 117, 118, 121, 123, 125,
179, 213
Monoprint        198, 213, 214
Monotype        177, 213, 214

N
Negative Image        5, 15, 83, 114, 213

O
Offset        15, 46, 47, 48, 49, 53, 55, 60, 67, 68, 75, 86, 96, 142, 146,
148, 151, 152, 153, 164, 165, 168, 172, 174, 186, 197, 211, 213
Oil        6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 19, 29, 44, 46, 47, 66, 67, 74, 75, 79, 85, 88,
91, 96, 101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 110, 114, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 123,
124, 125, 126, 141, 146, 150, 153, 154, 155, 162, 166, 169, 175, 177,
189, 193, 194, 195, 197, 198, 199, 201, 210, 211, 213
Opaque/Transparent        121, 122, 124, 148, 166

P
Paper        3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 30, 32, 33, 36, 38,
41, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67,
69, 70, 73, 74, 75, 76, 83, 86, 91, 96, 101, 102, 105, 116, 117, 118, 120,
121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 129, 130, 140, 142, 143, 145, 146, 147, 148,
150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 157, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168,
169, 170, 171, 175, 177, 178, 180, 186, 187, 189, 191, 192, 193, 194,
196, 197, 198, 209, 210, 213, 214
Pine        80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 90, 91, 95, 154, 176
Ply        87, 88, 89, 91, 92, 114, 119, 172, 176, 185, 194, 200, 201
Poplar        90
Positive Image        5, 83, 114, 213
Proof        5, 10, 82, 161, 214

Q
Q-tip        21, 65, 75

R
Reduction        54, 60, 142, 144, 147, 148, 208
Register        15, 50, 53, 54, 60, 63, 64, 65, 66, 142, 145, 146, 147, 148,
163, 168, 170, 207, 213
Re-inking        21, 22, 56, 59, 64, 68, 70, 75, 151, 153, 157, 162, 187, 188
Resingrave        57, 94, 99, 100, 101, 102, 113, 117, 121, 123, 128, 179,
195, 213
Retarder        9, 49, 66, 67, 71, 75, 91, 102, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 144,
151, 152, 153, 166, 176, 182, 184, 185, 213
Roller        5, 6, 9, 10, 15, 16, 19, 20, 32, 41, 46, 47, 61, 65, 67, 68, 69,
71, 74, 75, 85, 96, 105, 123, 151, 152, 153, 155, 165, 166, 168, 169, 171,
177, 211
Rust        110

S
Safety        2, 8, 12, 16, 73, 74, 97, 104, 108, 114, 118, 121, 172, 173
Sand        21, 30, 33, 39, 73, 74, 95, 102, 155
Scorper        99, 100, 101, 106
Scratch        73, 74, 75, 110, 117, 185
Shellac        10, 20, 51, 54, 55, 61, 66, 74, 99, 101, 102, 117, 121, 123,
125, 152, 213
Silhouette        3, 5, 11, 12, 14, 31, 32, 75, 78, 91, 102, 118, 180
Sizing        5, 70, 126, 213
Slip        12, 43, 75, 76, 108, 111, 114, 136, 137, 213
Spatula        6, 9, 19, 49, 56, 69, 75, 103, 105, 120, 122, 125, 144, 152,
171, 187, 198, 213
Spitsticker        95, 97, 98, 100, 101, 102, 106, 213
Splinters        79, 80, 81, 82, 87, 89, 91, 98, 106, 107, 110, 114, 119, 132,
133, 154
Stencil        32, 51, 54, 55, 56, 66, 144, 188, 205, 207, 208
Stone        99, 108, 109, 111, 112, 113, 114, 135, 136, 137, 138, 141, 213
Strop        5, 12, 75, 76, 79, 108, 109, 111, 135, 136, 137, 138, 141, 154,
213

T
Texture        3, 4, 5, 11, 21, 22, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 37, 39, 40, 47, 50,
51, 53, 54, 59, 62, 63, 70, 90, 98, 107, 126, 149, 153, 158, 159, 164, 165,
166, 169, 172, 195, 207, 213
Tint tool        95, 97, 100, 101, 102, 106, 179, 213
Tools wood/linocut        6, 14, 48, 78, 79, 87, 90, 103, 107, 108, 111, 119,
129, 181
Transparent/Opaque        67, 118, 121, 124, 148, 149, 153
Tree        17, 18, 20, 23, 30, 47, 55, 59, 72, 85, 88, 101, 119, 155, 156,
157, 158, 176, 181, 184, 188, 190, 191, 193, 198

V
Viscosity        5, 9, 19, 49, 69, 70, 71, 75, 120, 121, 122, 150, 151, 213

W
Water        4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 19, 20, 27, 29, 30, 37, 44, 46, 49, 55, 56, 59,
64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 79, 85, 87, 90, 91, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100,
101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124,
125, 126, 135, 136, 138, 140, 141, 146, 150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 162,
166, 170, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 179, 182, 183, 184, 185, 187, 188,
189, 190, 192, 194, 195, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206, 207, 208,
209, 210, 213
Whet Stone        5, 12, 91, 99, 104, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114,
135, 136, 137, 213
White line        3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 20, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 35, 41,
42, 43, 54, 58, 62, 64, 65, 69, 71, 72, 73, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 87, 88,
89, 90, 91, 92, 95, 102, 103, 114, 120, 121, 133, 157, 170, 181, 183, 184,
187, 188, 190, 191, 213
Wire edge        99, 112, 136, 137, 213

X
X-Acto        44, 78, 82, 85, 107, 108
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCING THE PROCESS, AND A PROJECT
FAMOUS ARTISTS

2. LINO CUTS
A COUPLE MORE PROJECTS
DESIGN THOUGHTS
LINES: TEXTURED OR SOLID LINES
BACKGROUND TEXTURING
SILHOUETTES
DRAWING, AND CLOUDS, SUN, AND MOON
BORDERS
LETTERS
A MISTAKE OR A FUN IMAGE (HALOS)
DESIGNS CAN BE TOO BUSY
OFFSETS
MULTI COLOR PRINTS: BLOCKS AND STENCILS
FROM A PHOTO TO A BLOCK TO A PRINTED IMAGE
JAPANESE METHODS (PRINTING, REGISTERING)
LINES: WHITE LINES, BLACK LINES
SIMULATED VS REAL BLACK LINES
ISSUES WITH SMALL BLOCKS AND REGISTERING
PROBLEM SOLVING

3. WOOD CUTS
SOME INITIAL POINTS, AND THE KNIFE AS A TOOL
MAKING WHITE LINE BECOME BLACK LINE
BIRCH PLYWOOD WITH V TOOLS, ETC
BASS AND POPLAR PLANK WOOD WITH V TOOLS
PROBLEM SOLVING

4. WOOD ENGRAVING ~ BOXWOOD, PLEXIGLASS, RESINGRAVE

5. TOOLS
PRINTING AIDS
LINO AND WOOD CUT TOOLS AND KNIVES
WOOD ENGRAVING TOOLS
SHARPENING AIDS, CARE AND FEEDING OF TOOLS
MORE ON THE “V” TOOL
PROPERLY USING STONES AND STROPS
ENGRAVING TOOLS
SAFETY AND NOTES

6. MATERIALS
LINOLEUM (LINO) AND WOOD, AND CLEANUP
INK, WATER AND OIL BASED ETC, AND CLEANUP
PAPER

7. RESOURCES

8.
ONE MORE THING

9. GALLERY

GLOSSARY, ERRATA, AND INDEX
My book on lino cuts, wood cuts (bass, poplar, birch, and pine),
and wood engravings (box, Plexiglass, Resingrave) for block
prints, discusses how to do certain things and how to fix many
screwups, plus many unique hints. Many examples are shown
in this third edition of the book, which is extremely well
illustrated.
 Ideal for left brain people like me.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR FEEDBACK
illustratingshadows@yahoo.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linocut
The third edition is currently FREE in PDF format   here
214  pages        ISBN:  978-0-9960026-6-0
Library of Congress Control Number:  2016900009

This website is updated monthly and
always has the latest copy of the book
NATURE VANISHING  
HGS (Mr Selfridge) birthplace, linocut,
masks and stencils for color, based on my
grandmother Rosalie Selfridge's (later
Wiasemsky) needlepoint she gave me.
All pictures (C) Simon W-S 2014-2021  however permission granted for limited use
SOME FUN PRINTS
How sea dragons are born
A two block, ocean
stippled on one block,
isometric perspective.
WOOD ENGRAVINGS (end grain)  and also Resingrave, and Plexiglass
LINOCUTS                          
Birth Of A Dragonfly.
ONE MORE THING contents

MORE ABOUT SPECIFIC TOPICS…  

•        THE “V” TOOL , EDGES, KEELS, FORCES, PROBLEMS
•        THE TOOL THAT GOT TOO HOT; HARDENING AND TEMPERING
•        CORRELATING GRIT AND MICRONS

•        REDUCTION BLOCK PRINTING: WINDY FLOWERS

•        REGISTERING SYSTEMS
•        . . . A SIMPLE GENERAL REGISTERING SYSTEM
•        . . . THE SYSTEM FOR 4-QUADRANT BLOCK PRINTING
•        . . . PIN AND TAB
•        . . . A VARIATION ON PIN AND TAB USED IN CHINA
•        . . . PIN AND TAB IN ACTUAL USE
•        . . . REGISTRATION ISSUES
•        . . . FOUR QUADRANT PRINT OVERLAPS

•        PRINT QUALITY: MAKING NECTAR TROVE  

•        WOOD SURFACE PREPARATION
•        . . .  BEFORE CUTTING - DECIDE FOR YOURSELF
•        . . .  AFTER CUTTING - A POTENTIAL MISTAKE

•        BUSY DESIGNS

•        PRESENTATION: MATTING, EDITIONS, SERIES

•        DAMPING ABSORBENT OR THICKER PAPERS

MORE ABOUT SOME PROJECTS …

•        HUMMINGBIRDS ARRIVE (MERRY series)
•        AUTUMN/FALL, SPRING (ELEMENTS SERIES)
•        QUIET POND, A FOUR COLOR PROJECT

FUN STUFF…
PRINTS DISCUSSED IN THIS BOOK


A COW’S HEAD        35, 100, 179
A DOG’S WELCOME        183
A GENTLE SUMMER        206
A LAZY SUMMER        204, 206
ABANDONED AERODROME        30, 199
AIR        62, 64, 202, 206
AIRBORNE FLOWERS        30, 66, 210
AN OCEAN’S CORNER        29, 195
AUTUMN        131, 167, 168, 205
BABY BEAKS        179, 201
BEAKY AND MIKO        177
BEAKY BUZZES MIKO        155, 179, 200
BEES AND HONEY        187
BIRD ON A POND        184
BIRTH OF A DRAGONFLY        29, 31, 44, 72, 189
BOUNTY        184
BREAKFAST FLOWERS        52, 54, 207
BURRO AND A SNOWMAN        173, 185
BUTTERCUPS AND CHEESE        181
CATERPILLAR ON VINE        184
CLOUDS AND WAVES        39, 100, 178
DESERT ROSE        176, 200
DOG IN THE DESERT        97, 179
EARTH        63, 64, 202
ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGET        186
ELEPHANTS RESTING        186
FALL DESERT ROSE        176
FIRE        64, 203
FLIGHT        62, 63, 64, 202, 206
FLORAL SNOWFLAKES        66, 209
FLUTTERBY SKY        30, 40, 48, 51, 56, 207
FROSTY’S LUNCH ADVENTURE        185
FROSTY’S SPA ADVENTURE        185
HEALING NUN         183
HGS BIRTH PLACE        199
HOLY CROSS MISSION        47, 197
HUMMINGBIRDS        31, 74, 131, 150, 163, 166, 210
HURLEY COMMUNITY CHURCH        199
INFANT JESUS CATHOLIC  CHURCH        198
IRIS BUNNY        58, 182
KUMIKO’S SHADOW        118, 180
LOOKING FOR TREASURE        180
LOVE THE OCEAN        178
MIKO’S DILEMMA        176
MILKING TIME        28, 88, 181, 200
MILKING TIME AGAIN        181
NATURE ASCENDING        16, 22, 44, 55, 56, 59, 70, 188
NATURE VANISHING        182
NATURE’S APPLES        44, 62, 70, 191
NATURE’S CYCLE        25, 190
NECTAR TROVE        67, 74, 131, 149, 150, 153, 166, 177, 210, 211
NEW MEXICO SPRING        66, 209, 210
PARROT IN THE AMAZON        97, 98, 179
PLYING THE COFFEE TRADE        192
QUIET POND        131, 170, 208
REUNION        39, 101, 180
ROSALIE        96, 179
RUDOLPH AND THE IRIS        185
SAILING THE OCEANS        192
SAN ISIDRO MISSION        197
SAN LORENZO CHURCH        198
SHACKLETON’S FAMED ENDURANCE        72, 73, 193
SILVER WOLF        160, 176
SMALL COASTAL SHIP        178
SOMETHING FISHY HERE        178
SPRING        131, 159, 167, 169, 196, 204
SPRING IN SOMERSET CHURCH        159, 196
ST BEUNO CHURCH        159, 196
ST PAUL’S ARRIVAL        101, 195
ST PAUL’S MISADVENTURE        101, 172, 193, 194
ST PAUL’S SHIPWRECK        72, 101, 172, 194
ST VINCENT DE PAUL        197
SUMMER        204, 206
THE POND AT WAYFORD WOODS        156, 190
THE YOUNG LADY        58, 182
WATER        14, 64, 99, 116, 123, 124, 203
WINDY FLOWERS        56, 131, 142, 144, 147, 208
WINTER        65, 185, 205
Four south west New Mexico churches, as separate 4 by 6 inch block prints
black oil based ink on archival white paper