wood engravings as
opposed to a woodcuts,
end grain box wood, 1.9
inches square
multi block for color prints
rotated lino block one of a series, true
black line
WOOD/RESINGRAVE ENGRAVINGS
St Paul's shipwreck as an engraving on Resingrave
printed with oil based ink
St Paul's shipwreck, above is a
linocut white ink on black
birch plywood woodcut
St Paul's shipwreck, a woodcut printed
with water based black ink, birch
plywood
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye. Cranfield’s
Caligo oil based inkwhich is dish washing soap then
water cleanup
LINOCUTS
SOME FUN PRINTS
FREE to download
Hardcopy is available
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2018
(c) sws 2019
(c) sws 2017
(c) sws 2018
(c) sws 2019
This used rolled ink for the yellow
(first) and black (last) blocks. The blue,
green, and orange used diluted ink
brushed onto the blocks.
3 blocks, several colors, registration by eye
(c) sws 2017
white ink on black paper linocut
simulated black line
LINO AND WOOD CUTS, WOOD AND OTHER RELIEF ENGRAVINGS
INTERESTING TECHNIQUES
MANY MISTAKES AND HOW TO FIX THEM
Silver City, NM
Phoenix, AZ    USA
a reduction lino cut with 7
colors
INDEX

A
Archival quality, 5, 55, 76, 84, 93, 128, 134, 162, 176, 182, 187, 188,
192, 194, 199, 200
Arkansas wet stone, 213

B
Baren, 5, 7, 9, 16, 19, 21, 66, 73, 75, 107, 169, 210, 213
Bass, 34, 90, 92, 127
Bearer, 16, 31, 40, 64, 67, 69, 75, 153, 165, 166, 167, 213
Bench hook, 8, 89, 99, 107, 128, 213
Birch, 81, 89, 90, 92, 93, 155, 171, 181, 184, 201, 202, 203
Bird, 4, 29, 34, 67, 86, 90, 99, 151, 152, 153, 156, 159, 165, 167, 172,
177, 205, 206, 208, 211
Black line, 3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 14, 20, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 34, 41, 42, 57, 59,
61, 62, 63, 64, 69, 73, 74, 78, 81, 82, 84, 85, 89, 90, 91, 93, 104, 109,
121, 129, 131, 136, 144, 153, 165, 167, 182, 186, 187, 204, 205, 206,
207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 213
Bondo, 20, 21, 24, 73, 74, 75, 76, 91
Border, 3, 4, 7, 15, 16, 22, 24, 27, 31, 34, 40, 43, 46, 57, 61, 62, 65, 66,
74, 75, 82, 86, 87, 91, 92, 99, 103, 140, 141, 142, 144, 146, 152, 161,
162, 164, 165, 166, 167, 175, 184, 185, 188, 198, 209
Box, 6, 56, 57, 89, 98, 100, 102, 118, 154, 180
Brayer, 5, 6, 9, 14, 16, 19, 61, 106, 107, 128, 130, 131, 137, 155, 169,
170, 213
Busy, 26, 29, 44, 62, 76, 139, 156, 159

C
Caligo, 6, 10, 79, 124, 128, 129, 132, 137, 167, 175, 185, 211, 213
Citrasolv, 86, 133
Cleaning, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 54, 56, 61, 66, 69, 70, 72,
75, 76, 79, 86, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 98, 101, 102, 104, 107, 118, 121, 124,
125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133, 148, 149, 151, 152, 155, 163,
167, 171, 173, 180, 185, 201, 213
Cloud, 5, 18, 20, 23, 28, 35, 36, 37, 38, 55, 61, 90, 91, 92, 102, 156, 157,
159, 179, 193, 197, 198, 210
Color, 5, 14, 15, 26, 29, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 62,
63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 70, 87, 124, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 139, 141,
142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 150, 151, 152, 153, 162, 164, 165, 166,
167, 168, 169, 170, 174, 176, 177, 182, 193, 194, 204, 207, 211, 213

D
Damage, 8, 41, 54, 56, 66, 75, 76, 93, 104, 107, 112, 118, 121, 125, 126,
131, 155, 160
Damping, 70, 76, 134, 163
Dog, 4, 31, 34, 35, 86, 98, 99, 157, 177, 180, 181, 183, 187, 203

E
Edition, 3, 5, 10, 14, 22, 27, 45, 48, 50, 52, 66, 67, 70, 71, 93, 104, 124,
130, 132, 141, 143, 144, 145, 146, 153, 162, 178
Extender, 129, 130, 213

F
Frisket, 64, 65

G
Glycerin, 9, 19, 48, 66, 69, 71, 76, 88, 129, 132, 133, 146, 151, 176, 185,
192, 195, 213
Gouge, 6, 10, 14, 15, 16, 18, 35, 41, 46, 47, 78, 80, 82, 84, 87, 88, 97,
108, 109, 110, 111, 121, 149, 158, 171, 179
Grainy, 21, 22, 39, 70, 71, 148
Grit, 21, 73, 74, 75, 83, 91, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 113, 117, 118, 120,
150, 151, 155, 160

H
Heel, 112, 213
Hook, 97, 107, 116, 213
Humidity, 9, 14, 19, 36, 48, 66, 67, 76, 93, 102, 104, 124, 127, 128, 132,
133, 148, 152, 153, 163, 166, 167, 176, 186, 187, 210

K
Keel, 93, 112, 114, 116, 120, 213
Kento, 59, 141, 169
Key Block, 11, 15, 45, 47, 48, 49, 51, 54, 55, 58, 59, 67, 81, 137, 152,
153, 154, 157, 164, 165, 168, 170, 194, 211
Knife, 6, 8, 9, 10, 15, 19, 43, 46, 48, 69, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86,
87, 88, 91, 93, 97, 102, 107, 108, 109, 114, 115, 121, 126, 133, 154, 161,
169, 213

L
Letter, 7, 41, 42, 64, 65, 75, 158, 184
Linseed, 15, 79, 82, 90, 125, 129, 132, 154, 155

M
Matting, 60, 67, 116, 118, 142, 143, 146, 161, 162, 174, 213
MDF, 7, 10, 15, 20, 75, 101, 102, 103, 104, 125, 126, 129, 131, 180, 213

N
Negative Image, 5, 15, 84, 121, 213

O
Offset, 15, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 52, 54, 59, 67, 68, 87, 98, 142, 143, 147,
150, 152, 153, 164, 165, 166, 172, 174, 182, 190, 211, 213
Oil, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 19, 43, 66, 67, 75, 76, 79, 82, 85, 86, 88, 90, 93,
98, 103, 104, 107, 110, 111, 112, 121, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 131, 132,
133, 134, 142, 148, 153, 154, 155, 160, 163, 167, 175, 185, 195, 201,
210, 211, 213
Opaque/Transparent, 129, 130, 132, 147, 167

P
Paper, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 30, 31, 32, 33, 35, 37, 40, 43,
45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70,
73, 75, 76, 82, 84, 87, 93, 98, 103, 104, 107, 124, 125, 126, 128, 129,
130, 131, 132, 134, 137, 138, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148,
150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 157, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 169, 171,
178, 179, 181, 185, 188, 190, 191, 192, 195, 198, 199, 200, 201, 209,
210, 213
Pine, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 89, 92, 93, 97, 154, 183
Ply, 27, 89, 91, 93, 121, 127, 171, 183, 202, 203
Poplar, 92
Positive Image, 5, 84, 121, 213
Printing Press, 7, 9, 19, 56, 57, 66, 73, 75, 107, 121, 126, 154, 155, 210
Proof, 5, 10, 19, 83, 162

R
Reduction, 53, 59, 143, 144, 147, 185
Register, 15, 49, 52, 53, 59, 62, 63, 64, 66, 141, 142, 143, 147, 164, 168,
176, 213
Re-inking, 22, 55, 58, 63, 65, 68, 70, 76, 150, 153, 163, 192, 194
Resingrave, 56, 96, 101, 102, 103, 104, 125, 131, 136, 180, 201, 213
Retarder, 5, 9, 19, 48, 66, 67, 69, 71, 76, 88, 93, 104, 128, 129, 130, 132,
133, 146, 150, 151, 152, 166, 182, 186, 187, 195, 213
Roller, 5, 6, 9, 10, 15, 16, 19, 20, 31, 40, 45, 46, 64, 67, 68, 69, 71, 75,
76, 86, 87, 93, 98, 107, 131, 148, 149, 150, 151, 153, 155, 165, 166, 170,
176, 185, 211, 213
Rose, 45, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 98, 180, 183, 202
Rust, 112

S
Safety, 2, 8, 16, 73, 75, 99, 106, 110, 121, 126, 172, 173
Sand, 2, 21, 30, 32, 38, 73, 75, 97, 104, 155
Scorper, 101, 102, 103, 108, 213
Scratch, 73, 75, 76, 125, 187
Shellac, 10, 20, 50, 53, 54, 66, 75, 101, 103, 104, 125, 129, 131, 152,
213
Ship, 41, 73, 74, 79, 103, 109, 171, 179, 198, 199, 200
Silhouette, 3, 11, 30, 31, 126, 181
Sizing, 5, 70, 134, 213
Slip, 42, 76, 110, 113, 118, 213
Spatula, 6, 9, 19, 48, 55, 69, 76, 107, 128, 133, 146, 169, 176, 192, 213
Speedball, 6, 7, 9, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 31, 41, 45, 46, 47, 69, 76, 79, 107,
108, 109, 110, 121, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 132, 143, 172, 175,
181, 200
Spitsticker, 97, 99, 100, 102, 103, 104, 108, 213
Splinters, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 89, 91, 93, 100, 108, 109, 112, 114, 115,
121, 127, 154
Stencil, 31, 50, 53, 54, 55, 66, 146, 153, 176, 185, 194, 207
Stone, 101, 110, 111, 113, 117, 118, 119, 120, 160, 213
Strop, 5, 76, 79, 82, 88, 110, 111, 113, 117, 118, 121, 154, 160, 213
Sun, 4, 7, 8, 10, 11, 23, 28, 36, 39, 50, 60, 72, 87, 88, 99, 156, 159, 172,
177, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210

T
Texture, 3, 4, 5, 11, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 36, 38, 39, 49, 50, 52, 53, 58,
61, 62, 65, 70, 82, 88, 92, 100, 109, 134, 140, 153, 158, 159, 162, 165,
166, 167, 171, 176, 213
Tint tool, 97, 99, 102, 103, 104, 108, 180, 213
Tools wood/linocut, 6, 14, 47, 78, 79, 88, 89, 92, 109, 110, 112, 113, 121,
127, 137, 184, 201
Transparent/Opaque, 67, 126, 129, 132, 140, 153
Trap, 147, 213
Tree, 17, 18, 20, 23, 54, 58, 72, 86, 90, 103, 127, 155, 156, 157, 158,
182, 183, 184, 193, 194, 197, 198, 200

V
Viscosity, 5, 9, 48, 69, 70, 76, 129, 130, 148, 149, 213

W
Water, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 19, 20, 27, 29, 30, 36, 43, 45, 46, 54, 55, 58, 63,
64, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 75, 76, 79, 82, 85, 86, 88, 89, 92, 93, 98, 99, 100,
101, 102, 103, 104, 107, 110, 111, 117, 118, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128,
129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 142, 144, 145, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153,
155, 160, 163, 166, 167, 168, 169, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 180, 182,
183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 192, 194, 195, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202,
203, 205, 209, 210, 211, 213
Whet Stone, 93, 101, 110, 111, 112, 113, 117, 118, 119, 120, 213
White line, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 14, 15, 20, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 40, 41, 42,
53, 57, 61, 63, 64, 69, 71, 72, 74, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 89, 90, 91,
92, 93, 97, 104, 115, 121, 128, 129, 157, 168, 184, 187, 192, 193, 197,
198, 213
Wire edge, 101, 118, 119

X
X-Acto, 43, 78, 82, 83, 86, 88, 109, 110, 121
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCING THE PROCESS, A FIRST PROJECT
FAMOUS ARTISTS

2. LINO CUTS
A SECOND AND THIRD COMPLETE LINO PROJECT
DESIGN THOUGHTS
LINES: TEXTURED OR SOLID LINES
BACKGROUND TEXTURING
SILHOUETTES
DRAWING, AND CLOUDS, SUN, AND MOON
BORDERS
LETTERS
A MISTAKE OR A FUN IMAGE (HALOS)
DESIGNS CAN BE TOO BUSY
OFFSETS
MULTI COLOR PRINTS: BLOCKS AND STENCILS
FROM A PHOTO TO A BLOCK TO A PRINTED IMAGE
JAPANESE METHODS (PRINTING, REGISTERING)
LINES: WHITE LINES, BLACK LINES
SIMULATED VS REAL BLACK LINES
ISSUES WITH SMALL BLOCKS AND REGISTERING
PROBLEM SOLVING

3. WOOD CUTS
PINE AND THE KNIFE AS A PRIMARY TOOL
MAKING WHITE LINE BECOME BLACK LINE
BIRCH PLYWOOD WITH V TOOLS, ETC
BASS AND POPLAR PLANK WOOD WITH V TOOLS, ETC
PROBLEM SOLVING

4. WOOD ENGRAVING ~ BOXWOOD, PLEXIGLASS, RESINGRAVE

5. TOOLS L
PRINTING AIDS
LINO AND WOOD CUT TOOLS AND KNIVES
WOOD ENGRAVING TOOLS
SHARPENING AIDS, CARE AND FEEDING OF TOOLS
MORE ON THE “V” TOOL
PROPERLY USING STONES AND STROPS
ENGRAVING TOOLS
SAFETY AND NOTES

6. MATERIALS
LINOLEUM (LINO) AND WOOD, AND CLEANUP
INK, WATER AND OIL BASED ETC, AND CLEANUP
PAPER

7. RESOURCES

8. A BIT MORE ABOUT ~ EXTRA DETAILS AND MORE PROJECTS

9. GALLERY  
My book on lino cuts, wood cuts (bass, poplar,
birch, and pine), and wood engravings (box,
Plexiglass, Resingrave) for block prints, discusses
how to do certain things and how to fix many
screwups, plus many unique hints. Many
examples are shown in this third edition of the
book, which is extremely well illustrated.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR PAST
AND FUTURE FEEDBACK
linocutsandprints@yahoo.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linocut
The third edition is FREE in PDF format  here
214  pages
ISBN:  978-0-9960026-6-0
Library of Congress Control Number:  2016900009
December  2019
NATURE VANISHING  
HGS (Mr Selfridge) birthplace, linocut, masks and
stencils for color, based on
my grandmother
Rosalie Selfridge's needlepoint she gave me.

WOODCUTS
WOODCUTS
All pictures (C) Simon W-S 2014-2019  however permission granted for limited use